Lesson 1: Let’s count to XX!

0 = nihil
1 = unus
2 = duo
3 = tres
4 = quattuor
5 = quinque
6 = sex
7 = septem
8 = octo
9 = novem
10 = decem

Those are the first ten cardinal numbers in Latin. Once you know the smaller numbers, learning 11 through 20 becomes a lot easier. Because for the most part, you’ve already learned the parts of each number’s name. Until number 18 you’re adding ten to each number.

11 = undecim (unus + decem)
12 = duodecim (duo + decem)
13 = tredecim (tres + decem)
14 = quattuordecim (quattuor + decem)
15 = quindecim (quinque + decem)
16 = sedecim (sex + decem)
17 = septendecim (septem + decem)

The number 20 in Latin is, viginiti. When you get to 18 and 19, instead of adding ten, you subtract from 20; 18 is two from twenty, and 19 is one from twenty. You already know the numbers one and two (unus, duo).

18 = duodeviginiti (two from twenty)
19 = undeviginiti (one from twenty)
20 = Viginiti

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *